Grade 12

ELA Comprehensive

Grade 12 ELA provides opportunities for students to consolidate many of the skills, strategies, and attitudes they will need to meet the challenges of a world in which language forms and media are rapidly evolving.
  ELA Comprehensive Focus will also allow students to explore and produce a broad range of texts that are a balance of pragmatic and aesthetic language use. Approximately 50% of the course will concentrate on aesthetic forms of language, such as: poetry, novels, plays, short stories etc.  While the other 50% will concentrate on pragmatic forms, such as, letters to the editor, magazine articles, reports, reviews, etc.

This course is designed to allow students to develop their skills in each of the six language arts.  Students will listen, read, write, view, speak and represent to the following curricular outcomes:

  • GLO 1- Explore thoughts, ideas, feelings and experiences

  • GLO 2- Comprehend and respond personally and critically to oral, print and other media texts

  • GLO 3- Manage ideas and information

  • GLO 4- Enhance the clarity and artistry of communication

  • GLO 5- Celebrate and build community 

These skills will be developed through a number of thematic units.  Each unit will include a number of works and projects that build upon the six English Language Arts and the curricular outcomes through a unifying theme.

Essential Math 

Grade 12 Essential Mathematics (40S) is intended for students whose post-secondary planning does not include a focus on mathematics and science-related fields. Grade 12 Essential Mathematics is a one-credit course emphasizing consumer applications, problem solving, decision making, and spatial sense. Grade 12 Essential Mathematics builds on the knowledge and skills of Grade 10 and 11 Essential Mathematics.


Law 40S is intended to provide an introduction to the legal systems, as well as the principles, practices, and consequences of law with regards to torts, contracts, crimes, property rights, family and inheritance.


This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of Atomic Structure, Aqueous Reactions, Kinetics, Equilibrium, Acids and Bases, and Electrochemistry. Students will also develop problem-solving and laboratory skills, and refine their ability to communicate scientific information.

Visual Arts

Visual Arts education develops important disciplinary and cross-curricular competencies for learning and living well together in an interconnected world.  Research indicates that well-designed visual arts education contributes to learning engagement, self-efficacy, and a wide range of positive academic, social, and emotional effects. Visual Arts education offers learners a diverse, unique, and powerful ways of perceiving and making meaning about the world through practices that include drawing, illustration, work on paper, painting, media arts, textile art .  These practices offer multiple ways for learners to engage with, connect with, and respond to their world through various approaches and in diverse visual arts education contexts.  Visual Arts education is not just about learning the language and practices of the visual arts, “it is about addressing who we are as people, embracing differences, encountering numerous cultures, interacting and collaborating with others, and inviting response”. 

Food and Nutrition

The food and nutrition area of study provides students with opportunities to explore their relationships with food in both a theoretical and practical way that can enhance one’s health and well-being. It also provides knowledge and skills that have immediate relevance to students’ lives, as well as lifelong applications personally, within families, in their communities, and on a global scale. The goal of this area of study is to shape students to become informed consumers and responsible citizens.

Grade 12 Food and Nutrition is a critical examination of the individual as a responsible citizen. This course will explore sustainability and ethical practices within food production and access. Students will examine food security and barriers that exist to achieving food security for all people. Students will investigate solutions to local and global food accessibility. This course will provide the opportunity for students to apply food preparation skills in a practical setting.

Essential Math 40S

Grade 12 Essential Mathematics is directed to students whose post-secondary planning does not include a focus on mathematics and science-related fields. Students will develop mathematical understanding, critical thinking skills and develop connections between symbolic mathematical ideas and the real world around us. The topics covered include: Problem Analysis, Home Finance, Vehicle Finance, Geometry and Trigonometry, Statistics, Business Finance, Precision Measurement, Probability, and Career Life. All students enrolled in a 40S mathematics course will write a provincial exam. The Math Essentials 40S exam will compose 20% of the student’s final grade. Recommended Prerequiste is Essential Math 30s.

Applied Math 40S

Grade 12 Applied Mathematics (40S) is intended for students considering post-secondary studies that do not require a study of theoretical calculus. It is context-driven and promotes the learning of numerical and geometrical problem-solving techniques as they relate to the world around us. The primary goals of Applied Mathematics are to have students develop critical-thinking skills through problem solving and through modelling real-world situations mathematically to make predictions. The course uses technology to assist students as they cover various mathematical topics ranging from personal finance to advanced algebra. The topics at grade 12 level are: personal finance, counting methods and probability, applications of functions, person finance, design and measurement. All students enrolled in a 40S mathematics course will write a provincial exam, the exam will compose 30% of the student’s final grade.

Pre-Calculus Math 40S

Grade 12 Pre-Calculus Mathematics (40S) is designed for students who intend to study calculus and related mathematics as part of post-secondary education. It builds on the topics studied in Grade 11 Pre-Calculus Mathematics and provides background knowledge and skills for the study of calculus in post-secondary institutions. The course comprises a high-level study of theoretical mathematics with an emphasis on problem solving and mental mathematics. The topics include study of transformations of functions, trigonometric functions, exponential functions, logarithmic functions, polynomial functions, radical functions, rational functions, and the binomial theorem. All students enrolled in a Pre-Calculus 40S will write a provincial exam, the exam will compose 30% of the student’s final grade

Intro to Calculus 45S / Advanced Math 45S

Intro to Calculus45s/Advanced Math 45s introduces limits, derivatives, and applications along with advanced math topics that include integration, linear algebra, and matrices, and complex numbers. These two, one-half credit courses run consecutively in the semester. These tools of calculus are used to continue the analysis of functions introduced during the pre-calculus program. The study of calculus is an important component of post-secondary study in mathematics, science, and engineering. It is also used for analysis in the social sciences and business.

Physics 40S

This course is an extension of Physics 30S. It will enhance the understanding of mechanics, fields, and electricity while introducing a new unit of medical physics. Topics will include: projectiles, momentum, low-earth orbits, circuits and radiation. Success in Physics 30S will best determine a student’s readiness.

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