Grade 12

ELA Comprehensive

Grade 12 ELA provides opportunities for students to consolidate many of the skills, strategies, and attitudes they will need to meet the challenges of a world in which language forms and media are rapidly evolving.
  ELA Comprehensive Focus will also allow students to explore and produce a broad range of texts that are a balance of pragmatic and aesthetic language use. Approximately 50% of the course will concentrate on aesthetic forms of language, such as: poetry, novels, plays, short stories etc.  While the other 50% will concentrate on pragmatic forms, such as, letters to the editor, magazine articles, reports, reviews, etc.

This course is designed to allow students to develop their skills in each of the six language arts.  Students will listen, read, write, view, speak and represent to the following curricular outcomes:

  • GLO 1- Explore thoughts, ideas, feelings and experiences

  • GLO 2- Comprehend and respond personally and critically to oral, print and other media texts

  • GLO 3- Manage ideas and information

  • GLO 4- Enhance the clarity and artistry of communication

  • GLO 5- Celebrate and build community 

These skills will be developed through a number of thematic units.  Each unit will include a number of works and projects that build upon the six English Language Arts and the curricular outcomes through a unifying theme.

 Canadian Law

This curriculum contains the general themes and topics for the course. Modules 1 to 5 represent the broad content areas. Module 6 is an inquiry guide for students to further explore a topic of their choice.  Module 1: Foundations of Law  Module 2: Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms  Module 3: Criminal Law  Module 4: Civil Law  Module 5: Family Law  Module 6: Student Inquiry ■ International Law ■ Human Rights Law ■ Youth and the Law ■ Labour Law ■ Environmental Law Each module features an enduring understanding statement that summarizes the main theme, followed by a series of learning experiences. 


This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of Atomic Structure, Aqueous Reactions, Kinetics, Equilibrium, Acids and Bases, and Electrochemistry. Students will also develop problem-solving and laboratory skills, and refine their ability to communicate scientific information.

Visual Arts

Visual Arts education develops important disciplinary and cross-curricular competencies for learning and living well together in an interconnected world.  Research indicates that well-designed visual arts education contributes to learning engagement, self-efficacy, and a wide range of positive academic, social, and emotional effects. Visual Arts education offers learners a diverse, unique, and powerful ways of perceiving and making meaning about the world through practices that include drawing, illustration, work on paper, painting, media arts, textile art .  These practices offer multiple ways for learners to engage with, connect with, and respond to their world through various approaches and in diverse visual arts education contexts.  Visual Arts education is not just about learning the language and practices of the visual arts, “it is about addressing who we are as people, embracing differences, encountering numerous cultures, interacting and collaborating with others, and inviting response”. 

Food and Nutrition

The food and nutrition area of study provides students with opportunities to explore their relationships with food in both a theoretical and practical way that can enhance one’s health and well-being. It also provides knowledge and skills that have immediate relevance to students’ lives, as well as lifelong applications personally, within families, in their communities, and on a global scale. The goal of this area of study is to shape students to become informed consumers and responsible citizens.

Grade 12 Food and Nutrition is a critical examination of the individual as a responsible citizen. This course will explore sustainability and ethical practices within food production and access. Students will examine food security and barriers that exist to achieving food security for all people. Students will investigate solutions to local and global food accessibility. This course will provide the opportunity for students to apply food preparation skills in a practical setting.

Essential Math 40S

Grade 12 Essential Mathematics is directed to students whose post-secondary planning does not include a focus on mathematics and science-related fields. Students will develop mathematical understanding, critical thinking skills and develop connections between symbolic mathematical ideas and the real world around us. The topics covered include: Problem Analysis, Home Finance, Vehicle Finance, Geometry and Trigonometry, Statistics, Business Finance, Precision Measurement, Probability, and Career Life. All students enrolled in a 40S mathematics course will write a provincial exam. The Math Essentials 40S exam will compose 20% of the student’s final grade. Recommended Prerequiste is Essential Math 30s.

Applied Math 40S

Grade 12 Applied Mathematics (40S) is intended for students considering post-secondary studies that do not require a study of theoretical calculus. It is context-driven and promotes the learning of numerical and geometrical problem-solving techniques as they relate to the world around us. The primary goals of Applied Mathematics are to have students develop critical-thinking skills through problem solving and through modelling real-world situations mathematically to make predictions. The course uses technology to assist students as they cover various mathematical topics ranging from personal finance to advanced algebra. The topics at grade 12 level are: personal finance, counting methods and probability, applications of functions, person finance, design and measurement. All students enrolled in a 40S mathematics course will write a provincial exam, the exam will compose 30% of the student’s final grade.

Pre-Calculus Math 40S

Grade 12 Pre-Calculus Mathematics (40S) is designed for students who intend to study calculus and related mathematics as part of post-secondary education. It builds on the topics studied in Grade 11 Pre-Calculus Mathematics and provides background knowledge and skills for the study of calculus in post-secondary institutions. The course comprises a high-level study of theoretical mathematics with an emphasis on problem solving and mental mathematics. The topics include study of transformations of functions, trigonometric functions, exponential functions, logarithmic functions, polynomial functions, radical functions, rational functions, and the binomial theorem. All students enrolled in a Pre-Calculus 40S will write a provincial exam, the exam will compose 30% of the student’s final grade

Physics 40S

This course is an extension of Physics 30S. It will enhance the understanding of mechanics, fields, and electricity while introducing a new unit of medical physics. Topics will include: projectiles, momentum, low-earth orbits, circuits and radiation. Success in Physics 30S will best determine a student’s readiness.

Marketing and Digital Commerce 40S 

Course Overview: Marketing and Digital Commerce helps students develop an understanding of marketing activities from both a theoretical and a practical approach. The course focuses on applying marketing concepts, principles, and strategies in making decisions related to product, price, place, and promotion. Students will apply these concepts and their own creativity through hands on applications and the creation of a marketing plan. This course is designed for students interested in a variety of business opportunities, as well as those who are looking to further expand their business knowledge. The course is of interest to a wide range of students, since it teaches skills that are fundamental to all consumers.

Grade 12 PE

The aim of the Physical Education/Health curriculum is to provide students with planned and balanced programming to develop the knowledge, skills and attitudes for physically active and healthy lifestyles for all students. The new Grade 12 Physical Education/Health Education (PE/HE) curriculum promotes home, school and community involvement. It is the intention of the Grade 12 Active Healthy Lifestyles curriculum to promote the discovery of activities suited to students’ individual interests and abilities, which will enable and empower students to adopt active lifestyles that persist into their futures.

Bio 40S

Biology 40S continues the introduction to the study of biology. Students will look at inheritance and how this contributes to variability in populations, and in the huge variability in life itself. As well, Biology 40S seeks to continue the development of the student’s level of scientific awareness, literacy, communication, problem solving, human relations and technology skills.

Concert Band

Students perform in a traditional Concert Band setting, playing a wide range of diverse musical compositions. Students learn based on "recursive learnings", constantly building on and improving skills they already have as well as learning new material. There are opportunities to travel to Festivals throughout the year.

Cinema as a Witness to Modern History 40S

This course will engage students in an exploration of the connections among cinema as an art form, cinema as a product of history, and cinema as an interpreter of history. Students will respond to and discuss the aesthetic and emotional elements of cinema and will apply historical thinking concepts to the analysis of historical themes as represented in various films and other sources. Throughout the course, students will apply critical media literacy skills in order to understand that film does not simply reflect the past, but interprets and retells the past and, at times, reconstructs it.

Automotive Electrical Systems

Course Description: A student wanting to develop skills in the automotive industry must have knowledge of the basic principles of automotive electrical systems. The student will understand the principles of electricity and electronics as it relates to automotive systems. The student will be able to diagnose, service and repair automotive electrical circuits and components.

Vehicle Systems Part 1

Course Description: A student wanting to develop skills in the automotive industry must have knowledge of the operation of the automotive electronic and control systems. Students’ knowledge in electrical systems will be further enhanced by learning about the principles of ignition, control and communications systems. The student will be able to diagnose, service and repair ignition, control, and communications systems.

Vehicle Systems Part 2

Course Description: A student wanting to develop skills in the automotive industry must have the knowledge of engine management and emission systems, hybrid vehicle systems, as well as Gas Metal Arc (MIG) welding. The student will understand the principles of fuel supply, metering, and vehicle emissions. The student will be able to use electronic diagnostic interface to diagnose, service and repair engine management and emission systems.

Applied Diagnostic Strategies

Course Description: A student wanting to expand skills in the automotive industry must be able to apply diagnostic strategies to a variety of vehicle systems and components. The students will demonstrate the ability to diagnose and correct customer concerns and to complete vehicle repairs to accepted industry standards.

Music 40S

The new online-music course is an engaging study focusing on the materials of music (standard notation, pitch, rhythm, etc.), as well as the history of the art form. Although it will touch on all time periods (middle ages, baroque, classical, romantic and 20th century concert music), most class time will be devoted to a study of popular (and not so popular) music from 1945 until the present day. This course requires no prior musical experience and you do not need to know how to play an instrument, but it will help music students at all grades and ability levels expand their knowledge of musical context. The listening will include examples from all genres (everything from chamber music to hip-hop). Students will have a wide choice of final and mid-term projects (including song writing), and unit assessments will be a combination of listening tests and some written responses. This is a course for students who like to listen to music, regardless of how little or how much they already know about it!

Psychology 40S

Psychology is the scientific study of behaviour and mental processes. It uses the scientific method to discover ways of understanding the complexities of human thought and behavior, as well as differences among people. Studying psychology gives students lifelong skills such as dealing with issues proactively, solving problems, learning, and nurturing healthy relationships. It helps students understand themselves, and deal with issues in their own lives such as inner conflicts, relationships with parents and peers, and intimacy. It also helps students understand societal problems like drug dependency, aggression, and discrimination. This course exposes students to the major topics found in the field of psychology. It also emphasizes the issues that are of particular direct interest and relevance to students completing high school. Students explore the scientific methods upon which psychology is based. They can then apply what they learned to their daily lives.

ELA Literary Focus 40S

Students will learn to think critically and independently while developing their skills in reading, writing, listening, speaking, viewing and representing. Students will become increasingly proficient in using language to communicate effectively to an audience, express themselves clearly, and select appropriate forms for their purposes. They will learn to select and use literary devices and techniques effectively, and to work collaboratively in small groups.  Students will produce and explore oral, written, and visual texts that inform, persuade, analyze, foster understanding and empathy, reflect culture, express feelings and experiences, and bring enjoyment.

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